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4. Movement

One question, above all, splits the field: does scrambling constitute A- or A-bar movement? To ask this question obviously means to presuppose that scrambling is movement. A third faction straightout denies that it is, arguing in favor of base generation, thereby claiming that the A-/A-bar discussion is meaningless. Haider (1993) tries to find a middle way and proposes that scrambling structures are base generated, but show movement effects, since the overt, scrambled argument is linked to its (empty) default position via a (base generated) chain. However, this approach fails for the same reasons as standard movement analyses: it rests on the assumption that scrambling sructures contain traces. After discussing a general problems of movement analyses, namely optionality, I will show that the data speak against traces and thus against any movement based account of scrambling.

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Philipp Strazny 1997